NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS STANDARD (NOSS) FOR; SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW) PROCESS LEVEL 3
1. MALAYSIAN SKILL CERTIFICATION
Candidates after being assessed and verified and fulfilled Malaysian Skill Certification requirements shall be awarded with Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia (SKM) for Level 3.
– Delivery in Bahasa Malaysia and/or English (especially for welding terminology)
2. JOB COMPETENCIES
Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) Process (Level 3) welders are competent in performing welding in accordance to Welding Qualification Test (WQT) as follows:
- Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) For Fillet All Position, 1G And 2G
- Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) For 3G And 4G
- Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) For 5G And 6G
Optionally, the Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) Process (Level 3) personnel are competent in performing the following elective competencies:-
- Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) 6GR
- Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) 1G
3. WORKING CONDITIONS
The Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) Process welder should be able to concentrate on detailed work for long periods and be able to bend, stoop, and weld in awkward positions. They may work outdoors, and must wear special clothing—safety shoes, gloves, and goggles, face shields or hoods, dust mask—to protect from the intense ultra violet (UV) rays created by arcs, hazardous fumes, and spark burns (spatters).
Where ever applicable, the individual must obtain Permit To Work (PTW) from employers to ensure safe working condition. In order to be employed at work, the individual need to be qualified by the employer via Welder Qualification Test (WQT).
Good eyesight is needed for visual inspection to check welding condition.
4. EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS
Ahead of 2011, the drive for Malaysian welding industries will be mainly driven by foreign investors and Government Link Company’s (GLC’s). This will eventually creates competition among service providers and contractors in providing competent welders, inspectors and all other related personnel.
Thus, the welding industries in Malaysia are poised to grow in the near future. With the Government encouraging foreign investment, the country is set to become a manufacturing and construction hub in the region.
Nevertheless current practice shows appointments of competent welders within construction domain are dominantly appointed on project basis. This resulted in most competent welder’s personnel within the construction domain to practice freelancing.
With the growth of the welding industry in Malaysia the number of competent coded welders is greatly in demand, however the current volume of the welders is shortage to support the industry. Hence, this National Occupational Skill Standard (NOSS) was developed as reference to train and qualify welders to meet the growing industrial needs.
The sectors in the industry which required welding expertise with respect to employment opportunities are:
- Oil and Gas
- Boilers and Pressure vessels
- Construction / Infrastructure
- Power industry
- Heavy equipment
- Industrial machinery
- Vocational training
This NOSS was developed taking into consideration of international standards and requirements. As such welders who have been trained and qualified would have better opportunities entering into the international market. For example, there is a high demand of competent coded welder in the Middle Eastern and African countries as well as Asian countries like Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, etc due to its rapid industrial development.
The most widely used international standards for welder’s certification are as follows:
- American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
- American Welding Society (AWS)
- American Petroleum Institute (API)
- British Standard European Norm (BSEN)
- International Standards Organisation (ISO).
5. TRAINING, INDUSTRIAL/PROFESSIONAL RECOGNITION, OTHER QUALIFICATIONS AND ADVANCEMENT
As for career advancement, most competent welders learn their craft on the job. They usually begin as qualified welders and gradually learn their new skills as they gain experience. Further certification may increase their chances of career advancement. Thus with additional formal training/education and certification, this experience competent welders can advance to become a certified welding inspector and welding engineer.
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